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Figure skating & dopings

72 views, 07.05.2024

Figure skating & dopings

Doping in figure skating may not be as commonly discussed as in endurance sports like cycling or athletics, but it does occur, and there are specific substances that can provide competitive advantages in this sport. The demands of figure skating, which include strength, endurance, precision, and recovery, can tempt athletes to seek enhancements through prohibited means. Here are some types of doping substances that might be used in figure skating:

Stimulants

Stimulants such as amphetamines can increase alertness, reduce fatigue, and enhance concentration during training and competition. These effects can be beneficial in a sport that requires high levels of precision and stamina during performances that are both physically and mentally demanding.

Beta-Blockers

While more commonly associated with sports that require steadiness and precision, such as shooting or archery, beta-blockers can also be used in figure skating to reduce anxiety, heart rate, and hand tremors during competition. This can help athletes perform with calmness and precision, especially under the intense pressure of high-stakes competitions.

Diuretics

Diuretics are used to rapidly reduce weight, which can be an advantage in a sport where aesthetics and a high strength-to-weight ratio are important. However, they are primarily banned because they can also mask the presence of other prohibited substances by flushing them out of the system more quickly.

Painkillers

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and other painkillers can be abused to manage pain from injuries or the wear and tear of intense training. While they do not enhance performance directly, they can allow an athlete to train or compete when it would otherwise be too painful, potentially leading to more severe injuries.

Anabolic Agents

Anabolic steroids might be used to enhance muscle strength and recovery. In figure skating, increased strength can improve jump height and overall power during routines, while faster recovery can enable more intense and frequent training sessions.

Blood Doping and EPO

Though less likely, methods like blood doping or substances such as erythropoietin (EPO) could be used to enhance oxygen capacity and endurance. This could benefit figure skaters during their longer training sessions and performances, which require sustained energy output and stamina.

Doping Detection and Regulations

Figure skating, governed under the International Skating Union (ISU), adheres to the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) regulations to prevent doping. Athletes may undergo testing in and out of competition to check for these substances, and violations can lead to suspensions, bans, and stripping of titles and medals.

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